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Neurology is a branch of medicine that deals with disorders of the nervous system. Medical professionals (such as Biomedical Doctors and Physicians) focussed in the field of neurology are known as neurologists and are educated to diagnose, treat, and manage patients with neurological illnesses.

How to become a Neurologists

To become a neurologist, one is required to have an undergraduate degree, four years of medical school, a one-year internship and three years of specialized training. Many neurologists also have supplementary training in one area of neurology like stroke, epilepsy or movement disorders.

Nature of the work

Neurologists are main care providers or consultants to other doctors. When a patient possesses a neurological illness that requires regular care, a neurologist is habitually the main care provider. Patients with disorders such as Parkinson's illness, Alzheimer's illness or multiple sclerosis might use a neurologist as their main care doctor.

In a consulting role, a neurologist will make a diagnosis and treat a neurological illness and then advise the main care doctor control the patient's general health. For example, a neurologist would act in a consulting role for situations as stroke, concussion or headache.

Neurologists can advise surgical treatment, but do not make a surgery. When treatment contains surgery, neurologists will monitor surgically treated patients and control their continuing treatment.

The most common neurological diseases:

  • Stroke
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Peripheral nerve disorders
  • Brain tumors
  • Sleep disorders
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Epilepsy
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Tremor
  • Brain and spinal cord injuries
  • Pain
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Headache


The annual salary for neurologists ranges from $180,000 to $345,000.