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Pulmonology is commonly considered a field of internal medicine that deals with illnesses of the lungs and the respiratory tract. It is also called pulmonary medicine and respiratory medicine. Pulmonology is classified as an internal medicine subspecialty. Because of the diversity of clinical problems encountered, knowledge of internal medicine and other specialties is obligatory in order to achieve certification.

A pulmonologist, or pulmonary illness specialist, is a doctor who possesses specialized knowledge and ability in the analysis and treatment of pulmonary (lung) conditions and illnesses.

How to become a pulmonologist

To become a pulmonary specialist, students need to achieve an education in Internal Medicine and complete graduation in an accredited medical school, and then they need to complete a residency program of 3 years. Also students need to get certification as a pulmonologist from the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM).

Nature of the work

The role of the pulmonary specialist is to carefully examine the respiratory status and start rapid intervention when required. Careful monitoring of the respiratory system, guidance in ways to reduce problems, and urgent treatment of changes in the respiratory status are decisive to the over-all care of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. A pulmonary specialist can also be helpful in cases with extraordinarily severe or common exacerbations in the hope of identifying additional causes for unstable illness.


The annual salary for a pulmonologist goes from $203,425 to $240,000.