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Dermatology is a branch of science that deals with the skin and its appendages as hair, sweat glands, etc. A medical doctor who majors in dermatology is a dermatologist. Dermatologists are doctors who specialize in skin care and illnesses of the skin, hair and nails.

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How to become a Dermatologist

A dermatologist is a medically competent specialist who has studied medicine and then sub-specialise in dermatology.

What do you need to become a Dermatologist?

  • First, you need to complete your high school education with a basic knowledge on science subjects. For a pre-medical education, you need to register in a university with programs related in biology.
  • Second, you need to complete your three years in the undergraduate program before taking the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT). An excellent score or a high grade point average is very important for approval in the medical school of your preference.
  • Third, you need to apply to medical schools by the end of your superior year in college. If you are accepted, you will acquire a series of exams to test your medical knowledge. The generally vital among them is the United States Medical Licensing Examinations (USMLE).
  • Fourth, you need to select a recognized residency program for dermatology which is habitually takes five years to complete. At the end of the residency training, you need to be certified by the American Board of Dermatology (ABDerm) or the board exams of the American Osteopathic College of Dermatology.
  • After you can work as a certified dermatologist.

Nature of the work

A dermatologist is educated to diagnose and treat patients with diseases and malignant disorders of the skin, mouth, hair and nails as well as a number of sexually transmitted illnesses.

Trained dermatologists frequently combine numerous activities, in which dermatologists has had supplementary training and knowledge, here some activities:
  • The diagnosis and treatment of skin cancers, and other tumours of the skin.
  • The management of contact dermatitis and other inflammatory skin disorders.
  • The detection of the skin manifestations of systemic and contagious diseases.
  • Dermatopathology.
  • Surgical techniques applied in dermatology.

The most common skin diseases:

  • Skin cancer
  • Warts
  • Fungal infections
  • Dermatitis
  • Psoriasis
  • Acne affects every adolescent to one degree or another.
  • Hand dermatitis, resulting from external contact with detergents and household chemicals.


Dermatologists can obtain education in the following subspecialties:
  • Dermatopathology - Diagnoses and monitors illnesses of the skin including infectious, immunologic, degenerative and neoplastic illnesses.
  • Pediatric Dermatologist - A pediatric dermatologist is a dermatologist who has supplementary training and knowledge in the evaluation and supervision of skin diseases which occur more frequently or absolutely in children.
  • Dermatologist in Clinical and Laboratory - A dermatologist who makes use of diverse specialized laboratory procedures to diagnose disorders.


The annual salary for dermatologists ranges from $200,000 to $700,900. This would depend city and your speciality.