Anesthesiology is a branch of science that deals with anesthesia and anaesthetics, where the anesthesia acts to relieve the pain or put patients to sleep during surgery.

How to become an Anaesthesiologist

To become an anaesthesiologist, one is obliged to first obtain a Bachelor's Degree from a four year college or university, and followed by a Medical Degree (M.D.) from an accredited medical school. After graduation from medical school, a doctor will normally apply for a residency in a speciality like surgery, pediatrics, or anaesthesiology.

A residency training course for anaesthesiology is four years. Fellowships in an anesthesia subspecialty and in education or research can also be taken for an extra year. Board certification can be acquired only by successfully completing a difficult written and oral examination process which appears after graduation from a residency program.

Nature of the work

An anaesthesiologist is educated to give pain relief and maintenance, or restoration of a stable condition during and instantaneously following an operation, an obstetric or diagnostic procedure.

Before an operation anaesthesiologists talk about probable risks; also they converse with patients and family members. They explicate what to expect before, during, and after the operation. They also converse with other members of the medical team. Mutually with the patient and other doctors, anaesthesiologists choose which methods and medicines will be used.

During the operation or diagnostic procedure, anaesthesiologists supervise patients' temperature, pulse, heart, and respiratory rates. They always look for finding some bad reactions. In these circumstances, they modify doses or provide different drugs to cancel out the reactions. Anaesthesiologists verification the types and amounts of medicines they give.

They also control nurses and operating room assistants. These workers help them check vital signs and monitor the medications and patients. After the surgery, the Anesthesiologist continues to give the care indispensable to guarantee a smooth emergence from the anaesthetic and pain control after your surgery.


Anaesthesiologists can be trained in the following subspecialties too:
  • Critical Care Medicine - diagnoses, treats and supports patients with many organ dysfunctions.
  • Pain Medicine - provides a high level of care for patients experiencing difficulty with acute, chronic and/or cancer pain.
  • Pediatrics Anesthesiology - preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative anaesthetic care of children and adolescents.


The annual salary for anaesthesiologists goes from $300,212 to $470,000.