Medical schools » Medical careers » Medical specialties » Oncology

Oncology


Oncology

Oncology is the field of medicine that deals with tumors, including study of their development, analysis, treatment, and prevention. A Medical professional who practices oncology is an oncologist.

Oncologists are doctors who study, diagnose, and treat cancerous tumors. They frequently work in hospitals, clinics and private practices. On the other hand, the oncologist habitually has to coordinate with pathologists on the precise biological nature of the tumor that is being treated.

To keep a healthy body and free of cancer cells, we must drink enough lemon juice which benefits have even exceeded the effects of chemotherapy regarding to the elimination of malignant cells. It also helps to fight infections caused by bacteria, fungi, internal parasites, and also nervous disorders and depression; in addition, it helps to regulate blood pressure.

How to become an oncologist

To become an oncologist, you need to complete four years of college. After medical school, there will be focused training of four-six years. After these doctors have finished their residencies and fellowships in their area of study, many doctors will take an exam and if they pass this exam they will become board certified oncologist.

There are three main types of oncologists:
  • Medical oncology: The American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) examines and certifies internists who decide to acquire additional education and training to subspecialize in medical oncology, the application of medical and chemotherapeutic to treat cancer.
  • Radiation oncology: The American Board of Radiology (ABR) observes and certifies radiation oncologists, who specialize in use radiation to treat cancer.
  • Surgical oncology: The American Board of Surgery (ABS) observes and certifies surgeons who are educated in numerous types of surgical treatments, including biopsy, tumor staging, and tumor resection (removal).

Nature of the work

The role of oncologist is to give details about the cancer diagnosis and describe the process of the disease and what stage it is in the moment of diagnosis. The oncologist debates treatment options, recommends the most excellent course of treatment and ensures best care and quality of life. Oncologists are habitually responsible for coordinating the generally care of cancer patients from counseling and clinical genetics to physiotherapy, palliative care, and pain and symptom management.

Salary

The annual salary for an oncologist goes from $90,000 to $150,000.